The first Miracle of Jesus
The Wedding at Cana
2 On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. 2 Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples. 3 When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, “They have no wine.” 4 And Jesus said to her, “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.” 5 His mother said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.”
6 Now there were six stone water jars there for the Jewish rites of purification, each holding twenty or thirty gallons. 7 Jesus said to the servants, “Fill the jars with water.” And they filled them up to the brim.8 And he said to them, “Now draw some out and take it to the master of the feast.” So they took it. 9 When the master of the feast tasted the water now become wine, and did not know where it came from (though the servants who had drawn the water knew), the master of the feast called the bridegroom 10 and said to him, “Everyone serves the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then the poor wine. But you have kept the good wine until now.” 11 This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples believed in him.
The first 11 verses of John chapter 2 give us an amazing glimpse into the life of Jesus. There are a few things that highlight the humanity of Jesus and then of course there is the event that shows off his deity as well.
My first observation. Jesus received an invitation to a wedding and he accepted! Jesus accepted the invitation and decided to attend a wedding party with friends and family who were also in attendance. He knew wine would be served and went anyway. This was a rather large party, “the master of the feast…v9a” might have served the role of wedding planner, or a friend or family member was in charge of the event. It was no small group. 120 gallons of wine is a lot of wine. There were lots of people there including the disciples and Mary the mother of Jesus.
2nd observation. That Jesus accepted an invitation to a wedding affirms his endorsement of the rite and covenant of marriage. God uses marriage to illustrate his relationship with the church and Jesus is called in Scripture the bridegroom and his followers the bride. It is the most holy of all human relationships. In verse 4 Jesus answers his mother Mary with “Woman…”. His relationship with his Father trumped every human relationship. His closest human relationship had no advantage.
3rd observation. The wine ran out, v3. Mary says to Jesus “they have no wine“. They were out of wine to soon, so Mary looks at Jesus and simply says, “they have no wine“. She seemed to imply, “Fix it!”. Jesus replies “Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.” Jesus was no doubt referring to his impending death. He was very serious. So was his mom! We can’t see the look on her face but I can imagine that she gave him that “mom look” and then she said to the servants “Do whatever he tells you, v5″. She didn’t doubt that he was going to solve the problem. Ahh, a mother’s faith!
4th observation. There were 6 jars that held “purification water“, v6. There was not 7 jars, not 5 jars, but 6. 7 in Scripture is the number of perfection, there were 6 stone jars. 6 is not 7 and ceremonial cleansing is only symbolic of the cleansing from sin that only God can do. The best humans can offer is insufficient to take away what stains us. The most humble, nor the most elaborate ritual can take away our sins.
Jesus made a minimum of 120 gallons of wine! That wine symbolized his blood. Not only was there an ample supply of wine, it was the “good wine“. Jesus freely gives only the best!
5th observation. Verse 11 says Jesus manifested his glory and his disciples believed in him. Only God can take water and in an instant turn it into the best wine. Remember the purpose of John’s writing, “that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that by believing you may have life in his name.” John 20:39 Just as Jesus changed water into wine he can change a sinner into a saint. Believe on him alone. It’s the safe thing to do.